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intention-to-treat analysis

— Analyses based on the outcomes in all the study participants allocated to each of the treatment comparison groups.

Full explanation:

Intention-to-treat analyses are analyses that include data from all the participants assigned unbiasedly to the treatment comparison groups, whether or not they received the treatment to which they were assigned, even if they never started the treatment, or switched to a different one during the study.

Intention-to-treat analyses prevent bias caused by disruption of the baseline equivalence established by random allocation.

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