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Top Ten terms

  1. study participants (subjects*, participants) — 2383 views
    “The people included in a study” … (read more)
  2. non-randomized study (non-experimental study, observational study,) — 1863 views
    “A category of studies that does not use random allocation to assign participants to treatment comparison groups” … (read more)
  3.   statistically significant — 1860 views
    “A result that is unlikely to have happened by chance. The usual threshold for this judgement is a likelihood of less than 5%” … (read more)
  4. research evidence (research findings, research results) — 1796 views
    “The findings of studies, including systematic reviews” … (read more)
  5. fair comparisons of treatments — 1746 views
    “Studies designed, conducted, reported and interpreted to minimize bias and the play of chance in measuring treatment effects” … (read more)
  6. benefit (desirable anticipated effect, desirable effect) — 1549 views
    “Difference in outcomes that favours a treatment in a treatment comparison” … (read more)
  7. dramatic treatment effect — 1535 views
    “Treatment effect that is so large that it is unlikely to be explained away by bias, even without having been tested in a study designed to minimize bias” … (read more)
  8. cost-effectiveness (cost-utility) — 1527 views
    “The cost of a treatment in relation to its effects” … (read more)
  9. measurement bias (ascertainment bias, detection bias, observer bias) — 1507 views
    “Bias resulting from systematic differences in how outcomes are measured in treatment comparison groups in a study.” … (read more)
  10. treatment effect (clinical impact, estimate of effect, impact) — 1500 views
    “Changes (increases or decreases) or differences in health outcomes as a result of treatments” … (read more)