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Top Ten terms

  1. study participants (subjects*, participants) — 144 views
    “The people included in a study” … (read more)
  2.   statistically significant — 115 views
    “A result that is unlikely to have happened by chance. The usual threshold for this judgement is a likelihood of less than 5%” … (read more)
  3. research evidence (research findings, research results) — 101 views
    “The findings of studies, including systematic reviews” … (read more)
  4. non-randomized study (non-experimental study, observational study,) — 97 views
    “A category of studies that does not use random allocation to assign participants to treatment comparison groups” … (read more)
  5. benefit (desirable anticipated effect, desirable effect) — 92 views
    “Difference in outcomes that favours a treatment in a treatment comparison” … (read more)
  6. cost-effectiveness (cost-utility) — 90 views
    “The cost of a treatment in relation to its effects” … (read more)
  7. quality-adjusted life years (QALY) — 90 views
    “A measure of the value of health outcomes that combines the length of life and quality of life into a single number” … (read more)
  8. fair comparisons of treatments — 89 views
    “Studies designed, conducted, reported and interpreted to minimize bias and the play of chance in measuring treatment effects” … (read more)
  9. spin (interpretation bias) — 88 views
    “Bias resulting from interpreting the results of a study in a way which goes beyond an objective assessment of the evidence.” … (read more)
  10. effect estimate (effect size, estimate of effect, point estimate) — 88 views
    “A statistical measure indicating the most likely size of a treatment effect” … (read more)