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Top Ten terms

  1. study participants (subjects*, participants) — 617 views
    “The people included in a study” … (read more)
  2. non-randomized study (non-experimental study, observational study,) — 471 views
    “A category of studies that does not use random allocation to assign participants to treatment comparison groups” … (read more)
  3.   statistically significant — 464 views
    “A result that is unlikely to have happened by chance. The usual threshold for this judgement is a likelihood of less than 5%” … (read more)
  4. research evidence (research findings, research results) — 449 views
    “The findings of studies, including systematic reviews” … (read more)
  5. fair comparisons of treatments — 435 views
    “Studies designed, conducted, reported and interpreted to minimize bias and the play of chance in measuring treatment effects” … (read more)
  6. cost-effectiveness (cost-utility) — 420 views
    “The cost of a treatment in relation to its effects” … (read more)
  7. dramatic treatment effect — 410 views
    “Treatment effect that is so large that it is unlikely to be explained away by bias, even without having been tested in a study designed to minimize bias” … (read more)
  8. type of study (research design) — 399 views
    “Key features of research methods used to categorize types of studies” … (read more)
  9. measurement bias (ascertainment bias, detection bias, observer bias) — 395 views
    “Bias resulting from systematic differences in how outcomes are measured in treatment comparison groups in a study.” … (read more)
  10. adverse event (adverse effects, undesirable treatment effects) — 392 views
    “Unwanted symptoms or other experiences in participants in a study, which may or may not be caused by treatments.” … (read more)